Like MLIM LLC

closed 5/21/2015 via

Tribune Publishing, acquired MLIM LLC

synopsis: Tribune Publishing Company announced that it has completed the acquisition of MLIM, LLC, owner of The San Diego Union-Tribune, as well as nine community weeklies and related digital properties in San Diego County.
buyer parent: Tribune Media Company
buyer: Tribune Publishing (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
Tribune Publishing Company is a newspaper publishing and local news and information gathering company that operates daily newspapers and related websites. Tribune Publishing operates over 60 affiliated Websites and mobile applications, including a primary online product for each local newspaper. "
target: MLIM LLC
MLIM, LLC is the owner of the San Diego Union-Tribune, as well as nine community weeklies and related digital properties in San Diego County. MLIM LLC is owned by businessman Doug Manchester, who has investments and experience in several industries, including publishing.
price ($mm)
$85
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 6/3/2020 via Company Press Release

Mentor Medier AS, will acquire Morgenbladet

synopsis: Scandinavian media group Mentor Medier will acquire NHST Media Group's shares in Morgenbladet. Upon completion, Mentor Medier will own 90.8 percent of the shares in Morgenbladet. Headquartered in Oslo, Morgenbladet is an independent weekly newspaper with an emphasis on politics, culture, and research.
buyer: Mentor Medier AS
Mentor Medier is a Scandinavian media group of publications and companies headquartered in Oslo. Mentor Medier wants to create greater understanding between people and groups and be an arena for debate and dialogue. "
target parent: NHST Media Group
target: Morgenbladet
Founded in 1819, Morgenbladet is an independent weekly Norwegian newspaper with an emphasis on politics, culture, and research. The newspaper is nationally and globally oriented and works to increase interest in criticism, dialogue, and exchange of views.
price ($mm)
$4.11*
rev ($mm)
$8
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
0.6x
EV / EBITDA
announced 4/30/2020 via Company Press Release

Outlook Newspapers, will purchase Three Community News Titles from Los Angeles Times

synopsis: Outlook Newspapers, owned by Charlie Plowman, has agreed to purchase three community news titles, the Glendale News-Press, Burbank Leader and La Cañada Valley Sun, from the California Times, parent company of the Los Angeles Times.
buyer: Outlook Newspapers
Outlook Newspapers is a set of weekly newspapers with a vision of not only informing the communities they serve, but strengthening the relationships among its members and organizations. "
seller parent: NantWorks LLC
seller: Los Angeles Times
The acquisition includes three community news titles, the Glendale News-Press, Burbank Leader and La Cañada Valley Sun, from the California Times, parent company of the Los Angeles Times. The LA Times is a daily newspaper based in El Segundo, California, which has been published in LA, since 1881.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 4/21/2020 via GlobeNewswire

Jysk Fynske Medier, will purchase North Media Aviser A/S from North Media A/S

synopsis: Denmark-based North Media A/S has signed a deal to sell North Media Aviser A/S to Danish media group Jysk Fynske Medier. North Media Aviser A/S, the newspaper business of North Media, publishes Helsingør Dagblad, Lokalavisen Nordsjælland, eight local newspapers in the Greater Copenhagen area, the news site kbhLIV.dk, as well as other media.
buyer: Jysk Fynske Medier
Jysk Fynske Medier is Denmark's second largest media group with a budgeted turnover of DKK 2 billion and around 1,700 employees. The Group publishes 13 newspapers, 53 weekly newspapers, owns four local radio stations, and operates a wide range of various digital media. "
seller: North Media A/S (CPSE:NORTHM:$164.58)
North Media Aviser A/S is the newspaper business of North Media A/S. North Media Aviser publishes Helsingør Dagblad, Lokalavisen Nordsjælland, eight local newspapers in the Greater Copenhagen area, the news site kbhLIV.dk, as well as other media.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
$14
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
0.0x
EV / EBITDA
announced 4/17/2020 via BNC Analysis

INCLUSIVE Inc., will acquire Hirakata Tsushin

synopsis: INCLUSIVE Co., Ltd. has agreed to acquire all shares of morondo Co., Ltd., which operates “Hirakata Tsushin”. “Hirakata Tsushin” provides comprehensive information on living in Hirakata, Japan, for local users and visitors since the service launched in 2008. Hirakata Tsushin sends out information from a thorough Hirakata citizen’s perspective.
buyer: INCLUSIVE Inc. (TSE:7078:$15.33)
Based in Japan, Inclusive is a business development company that promotes digital transformation of publishers, TV companies and other media companies, and business companies. "
target: Hirakata Tsushin
“Hirakata Tsushin” operated by Morondo Co., Ltd., provides comprehensive information on living in Hirakata, Japan, for local users and visitors since the service launched in 2008. Hirakata Tsushin sends out information from a thorough Hirakata citizen’s perspective.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 3/20/2020 via BNC Analysis

Village Media Inc., acquired Sudbury.com

synopsis: Village Media Inc., one of the largest digital media networks in Ontario, has acquired Laurentian Media Group, a Canadian newspaper and digital publishing company. Laurentian Media Group owns Northern Life, Sudbury.com, as well as affiliated publications such as Northern Ontario Business.
buyer: Village Media Inc.
Village Media is one of the largest digital media networks in Ontario and operates several local news and community websites, including SooToday.com, BayToday.ca, TimminsToday.com, GuelphToday.com, BarrieToday.com, ElliotLakeToday.com, OrilliaMatters.com, BradfordToday.ca, and CollingwoodToday.ca. "
target: Sudbury.com
Laurentian Media Group is a Canadian newspaper and digital publishing company and the owner of Northern Life, Sudbury.com, and other affiliated publications. Sudbury.com is one of the most successful digital news sites in Ontario, providing local news, entertainment, crime, sports news, and more.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 3/18/2020 via BNC Analysis

Santa Maria News Media Inc., purchased Three Newspapers from Lee Enterprises, Inc.

synopsis: After purchasing the newspapers in 2005, Lee Enterprises recently sold the Santa Maria Times, Lompoc Record, and Santa Ynez Valley News to Santa Maria News Media Inc., a newly formed company led by a group of Canadian newspaper executives with a stated commitment to local journalism.
buyer: Santa Maria News Media Inc.
Santa Maria News Media Inc. is a newly formed company led by a group of Canadian newspaper executives with a stated commitment to local journalism. The new owners have newspapers throughout Canada and the United States. "
seller: Lee Enterprises, Inc. (NYSE:LEE:$496.00)
Lee Enterprises is a leading provider of local news and information, and a major platform for advertising, with daily newspapers, rapidly growing digital products and more than 200 weekly and specialty publications serving 50 markets in 20 states.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 3/18/2020 via Company Press Release

MailChimp, acquired Courier Media

synopsis: Mailchimp, an all-in-one marketing platform for small businesses, has acquired Courier Media, a a bi-monthly print magazine in the UK that covers stories of startup culture and modern business. Courier provides educational and inspirational content for modern entrepreneurs and small businesses.
buyer: MailChimp
Mailchimp is an always-on marketing platform for small businesses. MailChimp makes it easy for businesses to design and send beautiful emails, manage their contacts, and stay on top of their marketing. Their tools allow users to create emails, Facebook ads, landing pages, and more. "
target: Courier Media
Courier Media is a bi-monthly print magazine in the UK that covers stories of startup culture and modern business. Courier provides educational and inspirational content for modern entrepreneurs and small businesses. They also offer an email newsletter and a monthly newspaper focused on London.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 3/11/2020 via Company Press Release

Times Media Group, acquired Foothills Focus LLC

synopsis: Times Media Group, a Valley-based company with community weekly newspapers and websites throughout Arizona and California, has acquired The Foothills Focus, a community news weekly based in New River, AZ.
buyer: Times Media Group
Times Media Group is a digital and print media company that operates in the Phoenix and Tucson metro markets. It serves a wide variety of demographic audiences and communities with more than 1.1 million printed copies and millions of online readers each month. "
target: Foothills Focus LLC
The Foothills Focus is a community news weekly based in New River, AZ. In addition to New River, the publication covers several other North Valley communities, including Anthem, Black Canyon City, Cave Creek and Carefree.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 2/26/2020 via Company Press Release

Cox Enterprises Inc., will purchase Three Ohio Newspapers from Apollo Global Management

synopsis: Cox Enterprises Inc., a leading communications, media and automotive services company, has agreed to repurchase the Dayton Daily News, Springfield News-Sun and Journal-News from Apollo Global Management.
buyer: Cox Enterprises Inc.
Cox Enterprises is a leading communications, media and automotive services company. With revenues over $20 billion and approximately 60,000 employees, the company's major operating subsidiaries include Cox Communications; Cox Automotive; and Cox Media Group. "
seller: Apollo Global Management (NYSE:APO:$1,537.25)
The assets included are the Dayton Daily News, Springfield News-Sun and Journal-News from Apollo Global Management. All three newspapers are located in Ohio. Apollo is a leading global alternative investment manager.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 2/7/2020 via BNC Analysis

Digital First Media, acquired Big Fish Works

synopsis: MediaNews Group has acquired the assets of Red Wing Publishing Company, including its print publications, websites, and commercial printing operations. Red Wing Publishing Company's digital marketing agency, Big Fish Works, offers full-service digital marketing solutions for businesses in its core news media markets throughout Minnesota.
buyer parent: Alden Global Capital
buyer: Digital First Media
MediaNews Group is one of the largest media groups in the U.S. The Group serves high-value audiences in their preferred environments and connects advertisers to them through its 800+ multi-platform products, which include web, mobile, tablet, and print. "
target: Big Fish Works
Red Wing Publishing Company is a family-owned company that has established 12 local newspapers, a digital marketing agency, Big Fish Works, and two commercial printing facilities. Big Fish Digital Works offers full-service digital marketing solutions for businesses in its core news media markets.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 1/29/2020 via GlobeNewswire

Lee Enterprises, Inc., will purchase Newspaper Operations from BH Media Group

synopsis: Lee Enterprises, a trusted local news provider and leading platform for advertising in 50 markets, has entered into a definitive agreement with Berkshire Hathaway to acquire BH Media Group’s publications and The Buffalo News. BH Media is a leading provider of news, information and entertainment news across print, digital and television platforms.
buyer: Lee Enterprises, Inc. (NYSE:LEE:$496.00)
Lee Enterprises is a leading provider of local news and information, and a major platform for advertising, with daily newspapers, rapidly growing digital products and more than 200 weekly and specialty publications serving 50 markets in 20 states. "
seller parent: Berkshire Hathaway Inc.
seller: BH Media Group
The acquisition includes BH Media Group’s newspaper publications and The Buffalo News. BH Media Group is a leading provider of news, information and entertainment news across print, digital and television platforms.
price ($mm)
$140
rev ($mm)
$373
EBITDA ($mm)
$47
EV / rev
0.4x
EV / EBITDA
3.0x
announced 1/8/2020 via BNC Analysis

Media Central Corporation Inc., will acquire The Georgia Straight

synopsis: Media Central Corporation Inc., an independent and alternative media company, will acquire The Georgia Straight, a weekly newspaper in Canada. The Georgia Straight's regular weekly coverage includes news, tech, arts, music, fashion, travel, health, cannabis, and food, plus Vancouver's most comprehensive listings of entertainment activities.
buyer: Media Central Corporation Inc. (CNSX:FLYY:$0.00)
Media Central is an alternative media company. By consolidating the currently fragmented independent media markets, Media Central unites the influencers, tastemakers and culture leaders of the world and is strategically positioned to become a competitive global media publishing company. "
target: The Georgia Straight
The Georgia Straight is a weekly newspaper in Canada. The Georgia Straight is the most read publication in Vancouver. Their regular weekly coverage includes news, tech, arts, music, fashion, travel, health, cannabis, and food, plus Vancouver's most comprehensive listings of entertainment activities.
price ($mm)[EV]
$0.85 [$1.04]
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 12/18/2019 via BBC

Highland News and Media Ltd, acquired Scottish Provincial Press

synopsis: The Scottish Provincial Press, one of Scotland's largest publishers of local newspapers, is under new ownership after briefly going into administration. A new company, Highland News and Media Ltd, has been formed to take over the business.
buyer: Highland News and Media Ltd
Highland News and Media Ltd is a company created to acquire the Scottish Provincial Press (SPP). The company is a joint venture between SPP's former majority shareholder Peter Fowler and Cambridge-based Iliffe Media. "
target: Scottish Provincial Press
Scottish Provincial Press is a privately-owned company producing seventeen weekly newspapers covering Caithness, Sutherland, Ross-shire, Inverness-shire, Strathspey, Moray and Banffshire in North and North-East Scotland. SPP is an editorial and advertising force.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 10/2/2019 via Company Press Release

Schneps Media, will acquire amNewYork

synopsis: Schneps Media, the leading local media company serving New York City, Westchester and Long Island, will acquire amNewYork, a free commuter newspaper in New York City with almost 1 million unique visitors to its website each month.
buyer: Schneps Media
Schneps Media is the leading local media company serving New York City, Westchester and Long Island. IT owns 33 newspapers, 28 magazines and specialty publications and 20 websites, produces numerous podcasts and hosts 50 annual events. "
target parent: Newsday Media Group
target: amNewYork
amNewYork is a free commuter newspaper in New York City with almost 1 million unique visitors to its website each month. By providing a newspaper that fits into a hectic lifestyle, amNewYork reaches a demographic that was until now untouchable by traditional newspapers.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 9/25/2019 via Company Press Release

Bangor Daily News, acquired Penobscot Times

synopsis: BDN, a family-owned business that produced Maine’s newspaper of record, Bangor Daily News, has acquired Penobscot Times, a small weekly newspaper in Maine that covers Old Town, a manufacturing and trade center, Orono, home of the University of Maine, and the towns of Milford, Bradley, Alton, Greenbush, Greenfield, Argyle, Veazie, and Indian Island.
buyer: Bangor Daily News
A family-owned business now in its fourth generation of ownership, the BDN has produced Maine’s newspaper of record, Bangor Daily News. The company continues to serve its readers and its advertisers with products that are relevant to the times and provide statewide coverage. "
target parent: RFB Holdings
target: Penobscot Times
Penobscot Times is a small weekly newspaper in Maine. They have a paid circulation of more than 3,400. They cover Old Town, a manufacturing and trade center, Orono, home of the University of Maine, and the towns of Milford, Bradley, Alton, Greenbush, Greenfield, Argyle, Veazie, and Indian Island.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 9/20/2019 via Company Press Release

Bendigo Weekly will be merged with Bendigo Advertiser,

synopsis: The owners of the Bendigo Weekly will merge their free publication into Australian Community Media's paid daily newspaper, the Bendigo Advertiser. The Bendigo Weekly is an award-winnning, locally owned, free newspaper offering all the Bendigo, Australia, news, community events and sport services in the Bendigo area along with classifieds.
buyer parent: Australian Community Media
buyer: Bendigo Advertiser
Bendigo Advertiser is an Australian newspaper that covers local, national and international news, real estate, motor vehicle sales and classifieds. Bendigo Advertiser is centred on the thriving central Victorian city of Bendigo, but also covers a vast area of north and central Victoria. "
target: Bendigo Weekly
The Bendigo Weekly is an award-winnning, locally owned, free newspaper offering all the Bendigo, Australia news, community events and sport services in the Bendigo area along with classifieds, Bendigo and district real estate and business services offered.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 9/18/2019 via BNC Analysis

East Arkansas Broadcasters, acquired Stuttgart Daily Leader

synopsis: East Arkansas Broadcasters, a family owned media company and the largest radio group in the state of Arkansas, has acquired Stuttgart Daily Leader, a news company that delivers high quality and trusted journalism, products and services that enrich the communities of Arkansas, from GateHouse Media.
buyer: East Arkansas Broadcasters
East Arkansas Broadcasters is a family owned media company and the largest radio group in the state. It operates 51 radio signals in several Arkansas markets that include Jonesboro, Wynne and Clarksville. EAB also operates the EAB Ag Network and the EAB Sports Network. "
target parent: GateHouse Media
target: Stuttgart Daily Leader
Stuttgart Daily Leader delivers high quality and trusted journalism, products and services that enrich the communities they serve. Its newspaper is published twice a week and is focused on news in Stuttgart, Arkansas.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 8/28/2019 via Company Press Release

Shaw Media, will acquire NewsTribune and AgriNews

synopsis: Shaw Media will acquire the NewsTribune, and the Illinois and Indiana AgriNews weekly publications from Miller Group Media. The NewsTribune serves readers in the greater Illinois Valley area with breaking news and local conversations. Illinois and Indiana Agri-News cover topics that affect local farm families and their businesses.
buyer: Shaw Media
Shaw Media is the third oldest, continuously owned and operated family newspaper in the nation. The company’s media holdings include websites, newspapers, magazines, Pro Football Weekly, a video production unit and a digital marketing services division. "
target parent: Miller Group Media
target: NewsTribune and AgriNews
NewsTribune serves readers in the greater Illinois Valley area with breaking news and local conversations. Illinois and Indiana Agri-News are distributed weekly throughout Illinois, Indiana, and the entire Midwest and cover topics that affect local farm families and their businesses.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 8/14/2019 via BNC Analysis

Chaldean Community Foundation, acquired The Chaldean News

synopsis: The Chaldean Community Foundation, the largest Chaldean community organization in the U.S. and a major planning organization for the Chaldean community, has acquired The Chaldean News, a monthly newspaper that published stories about the Chaldean community with unique articles, stories and useful resources.
buyer: Chaldean Community Foundation
The Chaldean Community Foundation is the largest Chaldean community organization in the U.S. and has become the major planning organization for the Chaldean community nationally. It provides social, educational and immigration services to more than 30,000 people each year. "
target: The Chaldean News
The Chaldean News is a monthly newspaper that has a circulation of about 10,000 and more than 20,000 active monthly digital readers. It published stories about the Chaldean community with unique articles, stories and useful resources.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 5/21/2015 via

Tribune Publishing, acquired MLIM LLC

synopsis: Tribune Publishing Company announced that it has completed the acquisition of MLIM, LLC, owner of The San Diego Union-Tribune, as well as nine community weeklies and related digital properties in San Diego County.
buyer parent: Tribune Media Company
buyer: Tribune Publishing (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
Tribune Publishing Company is a newspaper publishing and local news and information gathering company that operates daily newspapers and related websites. Tribune Publishing operates over 60 affiliated Websites and mobile applications, including a primary online product for each local newspaper. "
target: MLIM LLC
MLIM, LLC is the owner of the San Diego Union-Tribune, as well as nine community weeklies and related digital properties in San Diego County. MLIM LLC is owned by businessman Doug Manchester, who has investments and experience in several industries, including publishing.
price ($mm)
$85
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 11/17/2011 via Market Wire

MLIM LLC, will acquire The San Diego Union-Tribune

synopsis: Platinum Equity announced that it has signed a definitive agreement to sell The San Diego Union-Tribune to MLIM LLC, owned by San Diego entrepreneur Doug Manchester. The San Diego Union-Tribune, LLC is San Diego County's leading local media company, with products covering 98 percent of all San Diego County households in a given week.
buyer: MLIM LLC
MLIM LLC is owned by businessman, visionary, industrialist and philanthropist Doug Manchester, who has investments and experience in real estate, publishing, radio broadcast, telecommunication, medical instrumentation, oil and gas and hotel ownership. "
target parent: Platinum Equity, LLC
target: The San Diego Union-Tribune
The San Diego Union-Tribune, LLC is San Diego County's leading local media company. The San Diego Union-Tribune and its Web site, SignOnSanDiego.com, are the leading local sources for news, entertainment, information and classifieds in San Diego County.
price ($mm)
$110
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 5/30/2018 via GlobeNewswire

tronc, Inc., acquired The Virginian-Pilot

synopsis: tronc, Inc. a media company rooted in award-winning journalism, has acquired The Virginian-Pilot from Landmark Media Enterprises. The Virginian-Pilot is the largest daily paper in Virginia and has won three Pulitzer Prizes. It has a Sunday circulation of 132,000. Its website, PilotOnline.com, has a digital audience of 1.9 million monthly visitors.
buyer: tronc, Inc. (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
tronc, Inc. is a media company rooted in award-winning journalism. Headquartered in Chicago, tronc operates newsrooms in ten markets with titles including the Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times, New York Daily News, The Baltimore Sun, Orlando Sentinel and The San Diego Union-Tribune. "
target parent: Landmark Media Enterprises, LLC
target: The Virginian-Pilot
The Virginian-Pilot is the largest daily paper in the Commonwealth of Virginia and has won three Pulitzer Prizes. It has a Sunday circulation of 132,000. Its website, PilotOnline.com, has a digital audience of 1.9 million monthly unique visitors.
price ($mm)
$34
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 2/8/2018 via New York Times

NantWorks LLC, acquired Los Angeles Times

synopsis: Patrick Soon-Shiong, a health care mogul, former surgeon and head of NantWorks and NantCapital, has acquired The Los Angeles Times from tronc. The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881. It has the fourth-largest circulation among United States newspapers.
buyer: NantWorks LLC
Patrick Soon-Shiong is a health care mogul, former surgeon and head of NantWorks and NantCapital. NantCapital is Soon-Shiong’s private investment arm. NantWorks is the umbrella organization for an ecosystem of companies committed to the convergence of 21st century innovative platforms. "
target parent: tronc
target: Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881. It has the fourth-largest circulation among United States newspapers.
price ($mm)[EV]
$500 [$590]
rev ($mm)
$470
EBITDA ($mm)
$73
EV / rev
1.3x
EV / EBITDA
8.1x
closed 2/7/2018 via GlobeNewswire

tronc, acquired BestReviews LLC

synopsis: tronc, Inc. announced it has acquired a majority ownership stake in BestReviews, the high growth online product review company. Founded in 2014, BestReviews’ mission is to simplify the way consumers buy the products and services they need across thousands of categories from laptops to vacuum cleaners to rowing machines.
buyer: tronc (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
tronc, Inc. is a media company rooted in award-winning journalism. Headquartered in Chicago, tronc operates newsrooms in 8 markets with titles that are committed to informing, inspiring and engaging local communities. "
target: BestReviews LLC
BestReviews is an online product review company committed to providing comprehensive and trusted reviews for products that matter to consumers. BestReviews spends thousands of hours researching, analyzing, and testing products to recommend the best picks for most consumers.
price ($mm)
$65*
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 9/4/2017 via GlobeNewswire

tronc, acquired New York Daily News

synopsis: tronc, Inc., a media company rooted in award-winning journalism, announced that it has acquired all of the outstanding interests of Daily News, LP., owner of the New York Daily News. The New York Daily News, with approximately 25 million unique monthly visitors through NYDailyNews.com, has been New York City’s “Hometown Newspaper” since 1919.
buyer: tronc (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
tronc, Inc. is a media company rooted in award-winning journalism, which harnesses proprietary technology to present personalized, premium content to a global audience in real time. tronc draws content from its vast media portfolio that has a commitment to informing and inspiring communities. "
target: New York Daily News
The New York Daily News, with approximately 25 million unique monthly visitors through NYDailyNews.com, has been New York City’s “Hometown Newspaper” since 1919. It has won 11 Pulitzer Prizes, most recently the prize in the category of public service journalism in 2017.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 5/15/2017 via PR Newswire

tronc, will acquire The Chicago Sun-Times

synopsis: The Chicago Sun-Times received a non-binding Letter of Intent from tronc, Inc., which operates the Chicago Tribune and several other newspapers, to purchase assets from Sun-Times parent, Wrapports, LLC. The Chicago Sun-Times is the oldest continuously published daily newspaper in Chicago.
buyer: tronc (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
tronc, Inc. is a media company rooted in award-winning journalism, which harnesses proprietary technology to present personalized, premium content to a global audience in real time. tronc draws content from its vast media portfolio that has a commitment to informing and inspiring communities. "
target parent: Wrapports, LLC
target: The Chicago Sun-Times
The Chicago Sun-Times is the oldest continuously published daily newspaper in Chicago. Winner of 8 Pulitzer prizes, the expertise of the Sun-Times includes hard-hitting investigative reporting, in-depth political coverage, insightful sports analysis, entertainment reviews and cultural commentary.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 12/31/2016 via BNC Analysis

tronc, acquired Spanfeller Media Group

synopsis: Tronc has closed a deal to buy the Spanfeller Media Group, and its food and outdoors digital properties. Tronc gains TheDailyMeal.com as well as the much smaller TheActiveTimes.com. Daily Meal offers 1.2 million recipes, 80,000 wine reviews and one million restaurant reviews. The Active Times is an outdoor enthusiast site.
buyer: tronc (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
tronc, Inc. is a media company rooted in award-winning journalism, which harnesses proprietary technology to present personalized, premium content to a global audience in real time. tronc draws content from its vast media portfolio that has a commitment to informing and inspiring communities. "
target: Spanfeller Media Group
The Spanfeller Media Group is a new age media company creating content for the web. The company operates The Daily Meal and The Active Times. The Daily Meal offers 1.2 million recipes, 80,000 wine reviews and one million restaurant reviews. The Active Times is an outdoor enthusiast site.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 4/20/2016 via BNC Analysis

Tribune Publishing, acquired Splash

synopsis: Splash, the glossy lifestyle and fashion supplement published by Wrapports LLC, the parent company of the Sun-Times, has been acquired by Tribune Publishing. Splash is the premier weekly guide to Chicago living, featuring fashion, philanthropy, dining, real estate and more.
buyer: Tribune Publishing (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
Tribune Publishing Company is a diversified media and marketing-solutions company that delivers innovative experiences for audiences and advertisers across all platforms. The company’s diverse portfolio of iconic news and information brands includes 11 award-winning major daily titles. "
target parent: Wrapports, LLC
target: Splash
Splash is the premier weekly guide to Chicago living—fashion, philanthropy, dining, real estate and more. Featuring 100% local content, Splash gives an inside look at what’s trending and consumer spending across high-end products.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 3/17/2016 via BusinessWire

Tribune Publishing, acquired Freedom Communications, Inc.

synopsis: Tribune Publishing Co. announced that it was the successful bidder at a public bankruptcy auction to acquire substantially all of the assets of Freedom Communications, Inc. Freedom Communications is a national privately-owned information and entertainment company of print publications and interactive businesses.
buyer parent: Tribune Media Company
buyer: Tribune Publishing (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
Tribune Publishing Company is a diversified media and marketing-solutions company that delivers innovative experiences for audiences and advertisers across all platforms. The company’s diverse portfolio of iconic news and information brands includes 11 award-winning major daily titles. "
target: Freedom Communications, Inc.
Freedom Communications is a national privately-owned information and entertainment company of print publications and interactive businesses. The company's portfolio includes information and entertainment websites, mobile applications, daily and weekly newspapers and other specialty publications.
price ($mm)
$56
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 5/21/2015 via

Tribune Publishing, acquired MLIM LLC

synopsis: Tribune Publishing Company announced that it has completed the acquisition of MLIM, LLC, owner of The San Diego Union-Tribune, as well as nine community weeklies and related digital properties in San Diego County.
buyer parent: Tribune Media Company
buyer: Tribune Publishing (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
Tribune Publishing Company is a newspaper publishing and local news and information gathering company that operates daily newspapers and related websites. Tribune Publishing operates over 60 affiliated Websites and mobile applications, including a primary online product for each local newspaper. "
target: MLIM LLC
MLIM, LLC is the owner of the San Diego Union-Tribune, as well as nine community weeklies and related digital properties in San Diego County. MLIM LLC is owned by businessman Doug Manchester, who has investments and experience in several industries, including publishing.
price ($mm)
$85
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 10/31/2014 via BusinessWire

Tribune Publishing, purchased 38 publications from Wrapports, LLC

synopsis: Tribune Publishing Company, a diversified media and marketing-solutions company, announced the acquisition of six daily and 32 weekly suburban news and information brands from Wrapports, LLC. The acquired papers have collective circulations of 72,000 daily, 87,000 Sunday and 52,000 weekly.
buyer parent: Tribune Company
buyer: Tribune Publishing (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
Tribune is a multimedia company operating businesses in publishing, digital and broadcasting. In publishing, Tribune’s leading daily newspapers include the Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Baltimore Sun, Sun Sentinel, Orlando Sentinel, Hartford Courant, The Morning Call and Daily Press. "
seller: Wrapports, LLC
The acquired publications from Wrapports, LLC include the Aurora Beacon-News, The Elgin Courier-News, the Lake County News-Sun, The Naperville Sun, the Post-Tribune in Northwest Indiana, The SouthtownStar and the 32 Pioneer Press weekly newspapers.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 5/8/2014 via PR Newswire

Tribune Publishing, acquired McClatchy Tribune Information Services

synopsis: Tribune Publishing and McClatchy Company announced that, through one of its subsidiaries, Tribune Publishing has acquired McClatchy's 50% ownership stake in McClatchy-Tribune Information Services (MCT Direct), the news and information business operated as a joint venture of both companies.
buyer parent: J.P. Morgan Chase & Co.
buyer: Tribune Publishing (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
Tribune is a multimedia company operating businesses in publishing, digital and broadcasting. In publishing, Tribune’s leading daily newspapers include the Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Baltimore Sun, Sun Sentinel, Orlando Sentinel, Hartford Courant, The Morning Call and Daily Press. "
target parent: The McClatchy Company
target: McClatchy Tribune Information Services
The McClatchy-Tribune Information Services (MCT Direct) provides news stories, feature articles, photos, graphics, illustrations, caricatures, themed content packages and paginated products. MCT is also a major provider of content to online information services.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 8/5/2013 via GlobeNewswire

The Berry Company, LLC, purchased Black Book Directories from The Baltimore Sun

synopsis: The Berry Company, a local leads provider serving small and medium sized businesses for over a century has acquired the Black Book directories from the Baltimore Sun.
buyer parent: TBC Holdings I, Inc.
buyer: The Berry Company, LLC
The Berry Company, LLC is a provider of local search and marketing solutions, generating leads for its advertising clients and enabling consumers to efficiently find the products and services they need. Berry serves approximately 170,000 advertising clients throughout the US. "
seller parent: J.P. Morgan Chase & Co.
seller: The Baltimore Sun
The Black Book Directories are published in Howard County, Maryland.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 7/29/2008 via BusinessWire

Cablevision Systems Corp, acquired Newsday

synopsis: Cablevision Systems Corporation has acquired 97 percent of Newsday Media Group through the formation of a new partnership with Tribune Company. For Cablevision, the completion of this transaction adds a complementary print and online media group with diverse, quality local content in the New York area.
buyer: Cablevision Systems Corp (CVC:$9,566.61)
Cablevision Systems Corporation is one of the nation's leading entertainment and telecommunications companies. Its cable television operations serve 3 million households in the New York metropolitan area. "
target parent: Sam Zell
target: Newsday
Newsday is one of the nation's largest daily newspapers, serving Long Island and New York City. In addition to the newspaper and Newsday.com, Newsday Media Group includes amNewYork, the fast-growing free daily in New York City with an average weekday circulation of 335,000.
price ($mm)
$632*
rev ($mm)
$499
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
1.3x
EV / EBITDA
closed 11/1/2007 via PR Newswire

The Hearst Corporation, acquired Southern Connecticut Newspapers, Inc

synopsis: Tribune Publishing, a division of Tribune Company has completed the sale of its Southern Connecticut Newspapers, The Advocate (Stamford) and Greenwich Time, to Hearst Corporation. The newspapers will be managed by MediaNews Group, Inc., under an existing joint venture agreement with Hearst.
buyer: The Hearst Corporation
The Hearst Corporation owns 12 daily newspapers and 14 weekly newspapers, 18 US consumer magazines (such as Cosmopolitan and Esquire), TV and radio stations (through 40%-owned Hearst Argyle Television), and a cartoon and features service (King Features). "
target parent: Tribune Company
target: Southern Connecticut Newspapers, Inc
Southern Connecticut Newspapers, Inc. is the publisher of The Advocate in Stamford and the Greenwich Time.
price ($mm)
$62
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
cancelled 5/25/2007 via PR Newswire

Gannett Co., Inc., cancelled an acquisition of Southern Connecticut Newspapers, Inc

synopsis: Tribune Company and Gannett Co., Inc. announced the termination of the agreement under which Gannett was to purchase Southern Connecticut Newspapers, The Advocate (Stamford) and Greenwich Time.
buyer: Gannett Co., Inc. (GCI:$2,786.88)
Gannett Co., Inc. is an international news and information company operating on multiple platforms including the Internet, mobile, newspapers, magazines and TV stations. Gannett is an Internet leader with hundreds of newspaper and TV Web sites. "
target parent: Tribune Company
target: Southern Connecticut Newspapers, Inc
Southern Connecticut Newspapers, Inc. is the publisher of The Advocate in Stamford and the Greenwich Time.
price ($mm)
$73
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 5/16/2007 via PR Newswire

ImpreMedia, LLC, purchased Hoy New York from Tribune Publishing

synopsis: Tribune Company has completed the sale of the New York edition of Hoy to ImpreMedia, LLC. An agreement to sell the Spanish-language daily newspaper was announced on Feb. 12, 2007. Terms were not disclosed.
buyer parent: Halyard Capital
buyer: ImpreMedia, LLC
ImpreMedia is the leading publisher of Spanish language newspapers in the U.S. The company publishes El Diario La Prensa and El Diario Contigo in New York, El Mensajero in the San Francisco Bay Area, La Opinion and La Opinion Contigo in Los Angeles and La Raza in Chicago. "
seller parent: Tribune Company
seller: Tribune Publishing (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
Tribune has been a major force in American journalism for more than 150 years. The company’s market-leading newspapers include the LA Times, the Chicago Tribune and Newsday in New York. Tribune is the nation’s second-largest newspaper publisher in terms of revenue and No. 3 in total circulation.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 5/21/2015 via

Tribune Publishing, acquired MLIM LLC

synopsis: Tribune Publishing Company announced that it has completed the acquisition of MLIM, LLC, owner of The San Diego Union-Tribune, as well as nine community weeklies and related digital properties in San Diego County.
buyer parent: Tribune Media Company
buyer: Tribune Publishing (NasdaqGM:TRNC:$1,513.52)
Tribune Publishing Company is a newspaper publishing and local news and information gathering company that operates daily newspapers and related websites. Tribune Publishing operates over 60 affiliated Websites and mobile applications, including a primary online product for each local newspaper. "
target: MLIM LLC
MLIM, LLC is the owner of the San Diego Union-Tribune, as well as nine community weeklies and related digital properties in San Diego County. MLIM LLC is owned by businessman Doug Manchester, who has investments and experience in several industries, including publishing.
price ($mm)
$85
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 8/1/2020 via BNC Analysis

Paxton Media Group, acquired The Herald

synopsis: Paxton Media Group, the owner of more than 70 daily and weekly publications, has purchased the Dubois County Herald, a daily newspaper in Jasper, Indiana. The Herald will become the company’s second largest newspaper in its Kentucky, Indiana, and Tennessee group.
buyer: Paxton Media Group
Paxton Media, a family-owned company headquartered in Paducah, Kentucky, owns more than 35 daily newspapers, a television station and numerous weekly publications across Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina and Tennessee. "
target: The Herald
Established in 1895, The Herald is a daily community newspaper based in Jasper, Indiana that covers local news, sports, and photography. The Herald’s circulation covers Dubois County and parts of Spencer and Pike counties.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 7/30/2020 via Company Press Release

Cafeyn, acquired Blendle

synopsis: Cafeyn, the perfect app to read favorite magazines and discover new titles, has acquired Blendle, the Netherlands’ biggest news platform, to become the leading European newspaper and magazine information streaming platform.
buyer: Cafeyn
Cafeyn is the perfect app to read favourite magazines and discover new titles. Cafeyn provides easy access to a library of hundreds of magazines. Cafeyn now features a new Smart Reading function, for a more comfortable digital reading experience. "
target: Blendle
Blendle is a Dutch online news platform that aggregates articles from a variety of newspapers and magazines and sells them on a pay-per-article basis. The key differences to similar websites is the ability for registered users to easily pay a small price per article.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 6/17/2020 via BNC Analysis

Rossel La Voix, acquired Paris-Normandie

synopsis: Rossel La Voix, Rossel's main subsidiary in France, has acquired Paris-Normandie, the daily newspaper for the Normandy region. Founded in Rouen in 1944, its headquarters are still located in Rouen today. It is mainly distributed in Haute-Normandie.
buyer parent: Groupe Rossel
buyer: Rossel La Voix
Rossel La Voix is a multimedia group in France that offers daily & weekly press, magazines, television, radios, printing, events, internet, audiovisual services, and more. "
target: Paris-Normandie
Paris-Normandie is the daily newspaper for the Normandy region. Founded in Rouen in 1944, its headquarters are still located in Rouen today. It is mainly distributed in Haute-Normandie.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
$33
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
0.0x
EV / EBITDA
announced 6/3/2020 via Company Press Release

Mentor Medier AS, will acquire Morgenbladet

synopsis: Scandinavian media group Mentor Medier will acquire NHST Media Group's shares in Morgenbladet. Upon completion, Mentor Medier will own 90.8 percent of the shares in Morgenbladet. Headquartered in Oslo, Morgenbladet is an independent weekly newspaper with an emphasis on politics, culture, and research.
buyer: Mentor Medier AS
Mentor Medier is a Scandinavian media group of publications and companies headquartered in Oslo. Mentor Medier wants to create greater understanding between people and groups and be an arena for debate and dialogue. "
target parent: NHST Media Group
target: Morgenbladet
Founded in 1819, Morgenbladet is an independent weekly Norwegian newspaper with an emphasis on politics, culture, and research. The newspaper is nationally and globally oriented and works to increase interest in criticism, dialogue, and exchange of views.
price ($mm)
$4.11*
rev ($mm)
$8
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
0.6x
EV / EBITDA
announced 5/27/2020 via PR Newswire

Nordstar Capital, will acquire Torstar Corporation

synopsis: NordStar, a holding company controlled by Jordan Bitove and Paul Rivett, is to acquire Torstar Corporation, a Canadian media conglomerate that is primarily a publisher of daily and community newspapers, including its flagship and namesake, the Toronto Star. Upon completion of the transaction, Torstar will be taken private.
buyer: Nordstar Capital
NordStar is a holding company controlled by Jordan Bitove and Paul Rivett and is wholly-owned by the Bitove and Rivett families. John Bitove is a noted Canadian businessman and sportsman and founder of the Toronto Raptors of the NBA. Paul Rivett is the former President at Fairfax Financial Holdings."
target: Torstar Corporation (TSX:TS.B:$337.21)
Torstar Corporation is a Canadian media conglomerate. The company is primarily a publisher of daily and community newspapers, including its flagship and namesake, the Toronto Star.
price ($mm)[EV]
$39 [$0]
rev ($mm)
$330
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
0.0x
EV / EBITDA
closed 5/25/2020 via Company Press Release

Stuff, acquired Stuff

synopsis: Stuff's CEO, Sinead Boucher, has acquired the company from Nine Entertainment, Australia’s largest locally owned media company. Stuff is New Zealand's largest and most popular news site. Stuff covers every aspect of news and information, from breaking national and international crises through to in-depth features, sports, business, and more.
buyer: Stuff
Stuff is New Zealand's largest and most popular news site. Stuff covers every aspect of news and information, from breaking national and international crises through to in-depth features, sports, business, entertainment and technology articles, weather reports, movie reviews and more. "
target parent: Nine Entertainment Co. Pty Ltd.
target: Stuff
Stuff is New Zealand's largest and most popular news site. Stuff covers every aspect of news and information, from breaking national and international crises through to in-depth features, sports, business, entertainment and technology articles, weather reports, movie reviews and more.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 4/30/2020 via Company Press Release

Outlook Newspapers, will purchase Three Community News Titles from Los Angeles Times

synopsis: Outlook Newspapers, owned by Charlie Plowman, has agreed to purchase three community news titles, the Glendale News-Press, Burbank Leader and La Cañada Valley Sun, from the California Times, parent company of the Los Angeles Times.
buyer: Outlook Newspapers
Outlook Newspapers is a set of weekly newspapers with a vision of not only informing the communities they serve, but strengthening the relationships among its members and organizations. "
seller parent: NantWorks LLC
seller: Los Angeles Times
The acquisition includes three community news titles, the Glendale News-Press, Burbank Leader and La Cañada Valley Sun, from the California Times, parent company of the Los Angeles Times. The LA Times is a daily newspaper based in El Segundo, California, which has been published in LA, since 1881.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 4/21/2020 via GlobeNewswire

Jysk Fynske Medier, will purchase North Media Aviser A/S from North Media A/S

synopsis: Denmark-based North Media A/S has signed a deal to sell North Media Aviser A/S to Danish media group Jysk Fynske Medier. North Media Aviser A/S, the newspaper business of North Media, publishes Helsingør Dagblad, Lokalavisen Nordsjælland, eight local newspapers in the Greater Copenhagen area, the news site kbhLIV.dk, as well as other media.
buyer: Jysk Fynske Medier
Jysk Fynske Medier is Denmark's second largest media group with a budgeted turnover of DKK 2 billion and around 1,700 employees. The Group publishes 13 newspapers, 53 weekly newspapers, owns four local radio stations, and operates a wide range of various digital media. "
seller: North Media A/S (CPSE:NORTHM:$164.58)
North Media Aviser A/S is the newspaper business of North Media A/S. North Media Aviser publishes Helsingør Dagblad, Lokalavisen Nordsjælland, eight local newspapers in the Greater Copenhagen area, the news site kbhLIV.dk, as well as other media.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
$14
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
0.0x
EV / EBITDA
announced 4/17/2020 via BNC Analysis

INCLUSIVE Inc., will acquire Hirakata Tsushin

synopsis: INCLUSIVE Co., Ltd. has agreed to acquire all shares of morondo Co., Ltd., which operates “Hirakata Tsushin”. “Hirakata Tsushin” provides comprehensive information on living in Hirakata, Japan, for local users and visitors since the service launched in 2008. Hirakata Tsushin sends out information from a thorough Hirakata citizen’s perspective.
buyer: INCLUSIVE Inc. (TSE:7078:$15.33)
Based in Japan, Inclusive is a business development company that promotes digital transformation of publishers, TV companies and other media companies, and business companies. "
target: Hirakata Tsushin
“Hirakata Tsushin” operated by Morondo Co., Ltd., provides comprehensive information on living in Hirakata, Japan, for local users and visitors since the service launched in 2008. Hirakata Tsushin sends out information from a thorough Hirakata citizen’s perspective.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 3/20/2020 via BNC Analysis

Village Media Inc., acquired Sudbury.com

synopsis: Village Media Inc., one of the largest digital media networks in Ontario, has acquired Laurentian Media Group, a Canadian newspaper and digital publishing company. Laurentian Media Group owns Northern Life, Sudbury.com, as well as affiliated publications such as Northern Ontario Business.
buyer: Village Media Inc.
Village Media is one of the largest digital media networks in Ontario and operates several local news and community websites, including SooToday.com, BayToday.ca, TimminsToday.com, GuelphToday.com, BarrieToday.com, ElliotLakeToday.com, OrilliaMatters.com, BradfordToday.ca, and CollingwoodToday.ca. "
target: Sudbury.com
Laurentian Media Group is a Canadian newspaper and digital publishing company and the owner of Northern Life, Sudbury.com, and other affiliated publications. Sudbury.com is one of the most successful digital news sites in Ontario, providing local news, entertainment, crime, sports news, and more.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 3/18/2020 via Company Press Release

MailChimp, acquired Courier Media

synopsis: Mailchimp, an all-in-one marketing platform for small businesses, has acquired Courier Media, a a bi-monthly print magazine in the UK that covers stories of startup culture and modern business. Courier provides educational and inspirational content for modern entrepreneurs and small businesses.
buyer: MailChimp
Mailchimp is an always-on marketing platform for small businesses. MailChimp makes it easy for businesses to design and send beautiful emails, manage their contacts, and stay on top of their marketing. Their tools allow users to create emails, Facebook ads, landing pages, and more. "
target: Courier Media
Courier Media is a bi-monthly print magazine in the UK that covers stories of startup culture and modern business. Courier provides educational and inspirational content for modern entrepreneurs and small businesses. They also offer an email newsletter and a monthly newspaper focused on London.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 3/18/2020 via BNC Analysis

Santa Maria News Media Inc., purchased Three Newspapers from Lee Enterprises, Inc.

synopsis: After purchasing the newspapers in 2005, Lee Enterprises recently sold the Santa Maria Times, Lompoc Record, and Santa Ynez Valley News to Santa Maria News Media Inc., a newly formed company led by a group of Canadian newspaper executives with a stated commitment to local journalism.
buyer: Santa Maria News Media Inc.
Santa Maria News Media Inc. is a newly formed company led by a group of Canadian newspaper executives with a stated commitment to local journalism. The new owners have newspapers throughout Canada and the United States. "
seller: Lee Enterprises, Inc. (NYSE:LEE:$496.00)
Lee Enterprises is a leading provider of local news and information, and a major platform for advertising, with daily newspapers, rapidly growing digital products and more than 200 weekly and specialty publications serving 50 markets in 20 states.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 3/11/2020 via Company Press Release

Times Media Group, acquired Foothills Focus LLC

synopsis: Times Media Group, a Valley-based company with community weekly newspapers and websites throughout Arizona and California, has acquired The Foothills Focus, a community news weekly based in New River, AZ.
buyer: Times Media Group
Times Media Group is a digital and print media company that operates in the Phoenix and Tucson metro markets. It serves a wide variety of demographic audiences and communities with more than 1.1 million printed copies and millions of online readers each month. "
target: Foothills Focus LLC
The Foothills Focus is a community news weekly based in New River, AZ. In addition to New River, the publication covers several other North Valley communities, including Anthem, Black Canyon City, Cave Creek and Carefree.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 3/4/2020 via BNC Analysis

Paxton Media Group, acquired The Madison Courier, Inc.

synopsis: Paxton Media Group, a family-owned media company, has acquired the Madison Courier, a family-owned daily newspaper that is delivered to over 8700 homes. The Madison Courier provides the latest news for the city of Madison, town of Hanover, Jefferson and Switzerland County, Indiana as well as Trimble and Carroll County in Kentucky.
buyer: Paxton Media Group
Paxton Media, a family-owned company headquartered in Paducah, Kentucky, owns more than 35 daily newspapers, a television station and numerous weekly publications across Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina and Tennessee. "
target: The Madison Courier, Inc.
The Madison Courier is a family-owned daily newspaper that is delivered to over 8700 homes. The Madison Courier provides the latest news for the city of Madison, town of Hanover, Jefferson and Switzerland County, Indiana as well as Trimble and Carroll County in Kentucky.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 2/26/2020 via Company Press Release

Cox Enterprises Inc., will purchase Three Ohio Newspapers from Apollo Global Management

synopsis: Cox Enterprises Inc., a leading communications, media and automotive services company, has agreed to repurchase the Dayton Daily News, Springfield News-Sun and Journal-News from Apollo Global Management.
buyer: Cox Enterprises Inc.
Cox Enterprises is a leading communications, media and automotive services company. With revenues over $20 billion and approximately 60,000 employees, the company's major operating subsidiaries include Cox Communications; Cox Automotive; and Cox Media Group. "
seller: Apollo Global Management (NYSE:APO:$1,537.25)
The assets included are the Dayton Daily News, Springfield News-Sun and Journal-News from Apollo Global Management. All three newspapers are located in Ohio. Apollo is a leading global alternative investment manager.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 2/26/2020 via BNC Analysis

Prairie Mountain Media, will acquire Greeley Tribune

synopsis: Prairie Mountain Media is a publishing company with a multimedia portfolio of print, niche and digital products, will acquire Greeley Tribune from Swift Communications, a newspaper publishing company. Greeley Tribune is a daily newspaper in northern Colorado. Greeley Tribune covers trending stories, politics, crime, entertainment, sports, and more.
buyer parent: Alden Global Capital
buyer: Prairie Mountain Media
Prairie Mountain Media is a publishing company with a multimedia portfolio of print, niche and digital products. Prairie Mountain Media operates trusted local newspaper brands that deliver exclusive local news and attract local audiences throughout the state of Colorado. "
target parent: Swift Communications, Inc.
target: Greeley Tribune
Greeley Tribune is a daily newspaper in northern Colorado. Greeley Tribune provides local news coverage for Greeley, Evans, Windsor and neighboring communities. The paper covers trending stories, politics, crime, entertainment, sports, and more.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
closed 2/25/2020 via Company Press Release

MittMedia Forvaltnings AB, acquired Hall Media AB

synopsis: Sweden-based Mittmedia has acquired Hall Media AB. Headquartered in Jönköping, Sweden, Hall Media is a local newspaper group that owns ten subscription morning newspapers, including Jönköpings-Posten, Falköpings Tidning, and Smålands Dagblad, as well as free newspapers and news sites in the Småland and Västra Götaland regions.
buyer parent: Bonnier AB
buyer: MittMedia Forvaltnings AB
MittMedia is a Swedish multimedia organization. The company's digital ecosystem, consisting of the platforms Reacher, Soldr, and Aracua, provides daily news and content to its customers. MittMedia operates 28 daily newspapers, as well as numerous free newspapers and websites. "
target: Hall Media AB
Hall Media is a local newspaper group based in Jönköping, Sweden, that owns ten subscription morning newspaper titles, including Jönköpings-Posten, Falköpings Tidning, and Smålands Dagblad, as well as free newspapers and news sites in the Småland and Västra Götaland regions.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
$51
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
0.0x
EV / EBITDA
closed 2/7/2020 via BNC Analysis

Digital First Media, acquired Big Fish Works

synopsis: MediaNews Group has acquired the assets of Red Wing Publishing Company, including its print publications, websites, and commercial printing operations. Red Wing Publishing Company's digital marketing agency, Big Fish Works, offers full-service digital marketing solutions for businesses in its core news media markets throughout Minnesota.
buyer parent: Alden Global Capital
buyer: Digital First Media
MediaNews Group is one of the largest media groups in the U.S. The Group serves high-value audiences in their preferred environments and connects advertisers to them through its 800+ multi-platform products, which include web, mobile, tablet, and print. "
target: Big Fish Works
Red Wing Publishing Company is a family-owned company that has established 12 local newspapers, a digital marketing agency, Big Fish Works, and two commercial printing facilities. Big Fish Digital Works offers full-service digital marketing solutions for businesses in its core news media markets.
price ($mm)
rev ($mm)
EBITDA ($mm)
EV / rev
EV / EBITDA
announced 1/29/2020 via GlobeNewswire

Lee Enterprises, Inc., will purchase Newspaper Operations from BH Media Group

synopsis: Lee Enterprises, a trusted local news provider and leading platform for advertising in 50 markets, has entered into a definitive agreement with Berkshire Hathaway to acquire BH Media Group’s publications and The Buffalo News. BH Media is a leading provider of news, information and entertainment news across print, digital and television platforms.
buyer: Lee Enterprises, Inc. (NYSE:LEE:$496.00)
Lee Enterprises is a leading provider of local news and information, and a major platform for advertising, with daily newspapers, rapidly growing digital products and more than 200 weekly and specialty publications serving 50 markets in 20 states. "
seller parent: Berkshire Hathaway Inc.
seller: BH Media Group
The acquisition includes BH Media Group’s newspaper publications and The Buffalo News. BH Media Group is a leading provider of news, information and entertainment news across print, digital and television platforms.
price ($mm)
$140
rev ($mm)
$373
EBITDA ($mm)
$47
EV / rev
0.4x
EV / EBITDA
3.0x

Like MLIM LLC


read more

MLIM LLC

Morgenbladet

Los Angeles Times

North Media A/S

Hirakata Tsushin

Sudbury.com

Lee Enterprises, Inc.

Courier Media

Foothills Focus LLC

Apollo Global Management

Big Fish Works

BH Media Group

The Georgia Straight

Scottish Provincial Press

amNewYork

Penobscot Times

Bendigo Weekly

Stuttgart Daily Leader

NewsTribune and AgriNews

The Chaldean News

read more

MLIM LLC

The San Diego Union-Tribune

read more

The Virginian-Pilot

Los Angeles Times

BestReviews LLC

New York Daily News

The Chicago Sun-Times

Spanfeller Media Group

Splash

Freedom Communications, Inc.

MLIM LLC

Wrapports, LLC

McClatchy Tribune Information Services

The Baltimore Sun

Newsday

Southern Connecticut Newspapers, Inc

Southern Connecticut Newspapers, Inc

Tribune Publishing

read more

MLIM LLC

The Herald

Blendle

Paris-Normandie

Morgenbladet

Torstar Corporation

Stuff

Los Angeles Times

North Media A/S

Hirakata Tsushin

Sudbury.com

Courier Media

Lee Enterprises, Inc.

Foothills Focus LLC

The Madison Courier, Inc.

Apollo Global Management

Greeley Tribune

Hall Media AB

Big Fish Works

BH Media Group

Geography
Matching Companies
Ticker: NEWM
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
New Media Investment Group Inc. {duplicate}
New Media Investment Group Inc. {duplicate}
New Media is focused primarily on investing in a high quality, diversified portfolio of local media assets, and on growing existing advertising and digital marketing businesses. They are one of the largest publishers of locally based print and online media in the US.
year
2015
rev ($mm)
$1,048.96
EBITDA ($mm)
$131.58
EBIT ($mm)
$69.66
Net Income ($mm)
$22.70
Employees
10117
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: ENXTAM:TMG
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Telegraaf Media Groep N.V.
Telegraaf Media Groep N.V.
Telegraaf Media Groep N.V. (TMG) is one of the largest media companies in the Netherlands. Their publication brands include De Telegraaf, DFT, Telesport, Metro, Autovisie, Privé and VROUW. They also have radio and online video brands such as Sky Radio and Telegraaf VNDG.
year
2017
rev ($mm)
$490.06
EBITDA ($mm)
$19.69
EBIT ($mm)
$7.23
Net Income ($mm)
$1.82
Employees
1484
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: OB:POL
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Polaris Media ASA
Polaris Media ASA
Polaris Media ASA is a media group which owns thirty newspapers in Norway. Based in Trondheim, the group was established in 2008. Major newspapers owned by the group include Adresseavisen, Harstad Tidende, Troms Folkeblad, Sunnmørsposten and Romsdals Budstikke.
year
2017
rev ($mm)
$191.11
EBITDA ($mm)
$17.84
EBIT ($mm)
$7.81
Net Income ($mm)
Employees
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: HLSE:ILK2S
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ilkka-Yhtymä
Ilkka-Yhtymä
Ilkka-Yhtymä Group is a Finland-based media group. Their main products and services include two regional newspapers, five local newspapers, two free sheets, marketing and communications, and printing. Ilkka-Yhtymä Group is comprised of Ilkka-Yhtymä Plc, I-Mediat, and I-print.
year
2019
rev ($mm)
$40.17
EBITDA ($mm)
$2.93
EBIT ($mm)
$1.16
Net Income ($mm)
$53.57
Employees
283
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: JSE:TBG
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tiso Blackstar Group
Tiso Blackstar Group
Tiso Blackstar Group is a operating market-leading media, broadcast and retail marketing properties. They have strong exposure to the rapidly growing digital, broadcast and mobile markets, with a leading position in South Africa and a broad footprint across Kenya, Ghana and Nigeria.
year
2018
rev ($mm)
$274.76
EBITDA ($mm)
$30.09
EBIT ($mm)
$19.32
Net Income ($mm)
Employees
3773
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: ENXTLS:CFN
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cofina SGPS SA
Cofina SGPS SA
Cofina SGPS SA is a leading Portuguese media group. Cofina holds a portfolio of 5 newspapers, 4 magazines and a TV cable channel. Cofina aims to have a significant presence in all media areas in Portugal and other natural markets.
year
2019
rev ($mm)
$95.71
EBITDA ($mm)
$17.16
EBIT ($mm)
$14.93
Net Income ($mm)
$7.68
Employees
735
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: KLSE:UTUSA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kumpulan Utusan
Kumpulan Utusan
The Utusan Group is a media conglomerate in Malaysia. The group is engaged in publishing, printing, advertising, and online services. Their key newspapers include Utusan Malaysia, Mingguan Malaysia, Kosmo! and Kosmo! Ahad. The group also publishes the Mastika, Saji, Infiniti and Wanita magazines.
year
2018
rev ($mm)
$47.46
EBITDA ($mm)
($38.66)
EBIT ($mm)
($42.95)
Net Income ($mm)
Employees
1630
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: HLSE:KSLAV
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keskisuomalainen Oyj
Keskisuomalainen Oyj
Keskisuomalainen Oyj is a Finnish media company. The Company publishes daily newspapers in central Finland and several other local papers, as well as a monthly paper for young readers.
year
2018
rev ($mm)
$185.99
EBITDA ($mm)
$22.45
EBIT ($mm)
$13.25
Net Income ($mm)
$6.16
Employees
825
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: TSE:6048
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DesignOne Japan, Inc.
DesignOne Japan, Inc.
DesignOne Japan is an internet media company in Japan. DesignOne Japan operates Ekiten, one of the largest local information word-of-mouth sites in Japan. Ekiten enables people to find information and reviews for all kinds of shops and services, including restaurants, hair salons, dentists and more.
year
2019
rev ($mm)
$20.09
EBITDA ($mm)
$4.05
EBIT ($mm)
$3.92
Net Income ($mm)
$1.88
Employees
120
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: TSE:2376
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Scinex Corporation
Scinex Corporation
SCINEX CORPORATION is primarily engaged in the media business including publication of telephone directories and regional administration information magazines, operation of regional information portals over the Internet, travel plan products, and electronic commerce of ingredients for business use.
year
2016
rev ($mm)
$119.80
EBITDA ($mm)
$8.44
EBIT ($mm)
$6.68
Net Income ($mm)
$3.60
Employees
761
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: TSE:2139
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chuco Co., Ltd.
Chuco Co., Ltd. is engaged in the magazine publishing business. It publishes business and lifestyle magazines. The company also organizes business seminars and events, such as lectures, concerts, symposiums and seminars, training, and implementation of various PR.
year
2016
rev ($mm)
$66.43
EBITDA ($mm)
$5.04
EBIT ($mm)
$4.61
Net Income ($mm)
$3.07
Employees
286
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: SEEK
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TheDirectory.com, Inc.
TheDirectory.com, Inc.
TheDirectory.com is a diversified Local Internet search company that owns and operates a network of locally targeted category specific search destinations anchored by its Local business search engine www.TheDirectory.com.
year
2007
rev ($mm)
$0.03
EBITDA ($mm)
($0.53)
EBIT ($mm)
($0.53)
Net Income ($mm)
Employees
1
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: AIM:TMO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Time Out Group Ltd.
Time Out Group Ltd.
Time Out is the trusted global platform that inspires and enables people to experience the best of the city. Operating in 108 cities, across 39 countries, it has an average monthly global audience reach of over 137 million across all platforms.
year
2016
rev ($mm)
$47.44
EBITDA ($mm)
($20.88)
EBIT ($mm)
($23.70)
Net Income ($mm)
Employees
390
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: SEHK:8238
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Winto Group (Holdings) Limited
Winto Group (Holdings) Limited
Winto Group (Holdings) Limited is a Hong Kong-based company engaged in outdoor advertising and print media. Winto Group's outdoor advertising business offers billboard, outdoor LED display, and vehicle advertising services. Their print media business includes automobile and lifestyle magazines.
year
2019
rev ($mm)
$2.12
EBITDA ($mm)
($4.66)
EBIT ($mm)
$4.77
Net Income ($mm)
Employees
16
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: OTCPK:MMPW
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Multimedia Platforms Inc.
Multimedia Platforms Inc.
Multimedia Platforms Inc. (MMP), a Multimedia Technology and Publishing company that integrates print media with social media, that delivers information and advertising to niche markets. MMP delivers niche publications and online platforms that targets the Gay, Bisexual and Transgender population.
year
2015
rev ($mm)
$0.76
EBITDA ($mm)
EBIT ($mm)
($2.32)
Net Income ($mm)
Employees
10
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: DB:SPR
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Axel Springer SE
Axel Springer SE
Axel Springer SE is the leading digital publisher in Europe. Digital media channels already contribute nearly three quarters of total pro-forma revenues. They are the market leader in the German print business, and also active in over 40 countries through subsidiaries, joint ventures and licenses.
year
2019
rev ($mm)
$3,407.16
EBITDA ($mm)
$495.40
EBIT ($mm)
$246.99
Net Income ($mm)
$109.04
Employees
16120
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: GHC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Graham Holdings Company
Graham Holdings Company
Graham Holdings Company is a diversified education and media company whose operations include educational services; television broadcasting; online, print and local TV news; home health and hospice care; and manufacturing.
year
2019
rev ($mm)
$2,857.71
EBITDA ($mm)
$413.40
EBIT ($mm)
$302.95
Net Income ($mm)
$238.66
Employees
14297
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: GCI
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gannett Co., Inc.
Gannett Co., Inc.
Gannett is a leading media and marketing company with unparalleled local-to-national reach, successfully connecting consumers, communities and businesses. They provide rich content through hundreds of outstanding affiliated digital, mobile and print products.
year
2019
rev ($mm)
$2,786.88
EBITDA ($mm)
$292.97
EBIT ($mm)
$150.52
Net Income ($mm)
$13.93
Employees
16980
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: OB:SCHA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Schibsted Media Group
Schibsted Media Group
Schibsted Media Group is a Norwegian media group with operations in 29 countries. Their activities are related to media products in the field of newspapers, online classifieds, publishing, multimedia and mobile services.
year
2020
rev ($mm)
$2,100.42
EBITDA ($mm)
$287.93
EBIT ($mm)
$247.37
Net Income ($mm)
$69.60
Employees
5006
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: RCSM.MI
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RCS MediaGroup
RCS MediaGroup
RCS MediaGroup is a multimedia publishing group that operates in daily newspapers, magazines and books, radio broadcasting, new media and digital TV. It is also one of the leading operators in the advertisement sales & distribution markets.
year
2013
rev ($mm)
$1,988.19
EBITDA ($mm)
$37.78
EBIT ($mm)
($69.92)
Net Income ($mm)
Employees
4134
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: NYT
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The New York Times Company
The New York Times Company
The New York Times Company, a leading global, multimedia news and information company, includes The New York Times, the International Herald Tribune, The Boston Globe, NYTimes.com, BostonGlobe.com, Boston.com, and related properties.
year
2020
rev ($mm)
$1,784.76
EBITDA ($mm)
$209.86
EBIT ($mm)
$165.43
Net Income ($mm)
$142.66
Employees
4500
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: LSE:DMGT
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Daily Mail and General Trust plc
Daily Mail and General Trust plc
DMGT manages a balanced multinational portfolio of entrepreneurial companies, with total revenues of almost £2bn, that provide a diverse range of businesses and consumers with compelling information, analysis, insight, news and entertainment.
year
2019
rev ($mm)
$1,750.73
EBITDA ($mm)
$216.85
EBIT ($mm)
$173.76
Net Income ($mm)
$119.03
Employees
5924
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: NasdaqGM:TRNC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
tronc, Inc.
tronc, Inc.
tronc, Inc. is a media company rooted in award-winning journalism. Headquartered in Chicago, tronc operates newsrooms in ten markets with titles including the Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times, New York Daily News, The Baltimore Sun, Orlando Sentinel and The San Diego Union-Tribune.
year
2018
rev ($mm)
$1,513.52
EBITDA ($mm)
$113.48
EBIT ($mm)
$84.00
Net Income ($mm)
Employees
6581
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: BME:PRS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prisa
Prisa
PRISA is the world’s leading Spanish and Portuguese-language media group in the creation and distribution of content in the fields of culture, education, news and information, and entertainment. PRISA reaches million people through its global brands El País,LOS40, Santillana, W Radio and As.
year
2018
rev ($mm)
$1,320.53
EBITDA ($mm)
$202.03
EBIT ($mm)
$132.85
Net Income ($mm)
Employees
8785
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: SWX:TAMN
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tamedia AG
Tamedia AG
Tamedia is a Swiss media group headquartered in Zurich. With its daily and weekly newspapers, magazines, online platforms as well as printing facility, Tamedia is one of the leading media corporations in Switzerland.
year
2019
rev ($mm)
$1,110.73
EBITDA ($mm)
$156.61
EBIT ($mm)
$76.68
Net Income ($mm)
$66.94
Employees
3669
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: ASX:SWM
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Seven West Media Limited
Seven West Media Limited
Seven West Media is Australia’s leading multiple platform media company with a market-leading presence in broadcast television, magazine and newspaper publishing and online.
year
2020
rev ($mm)
$1,063.43
EBITDA ($mm)
$81.12
EBIT ($mm)
$71.70
Net Income ($mm)
Employees
4607
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: NEWM
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
New Media Investment Group Inc. {duplicate}
New Media Investment Group Inc. {duplicate}
New Media is focused primarily on investing in a high quality, diversified portfolio of local media assets, and on growing existing advertising and digital marketing businesses. They are one of the largest publishers of locally based print and online media in the US.
year
2015
rev ($mm)
$1,048.96
EBITDA ($mm)
$131.58
EBIT ($mm)
$69.66
Net Income ($mm)
$22.70
Employees
10117
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: MNI
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The McClatchy Company
The McClatchy Company
The McClatchy Company is the third-largest newspaper company in the United States and a leading digital publisher dedicated to the values of quality journalism, free expression and community service.
year
2016
rev ($mm)
$1,000.74
EBITDA ($mm)
$141.79
EBIT ($mm)
$57.04
Net Income ($mm)
Employees
5100
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: LSE:TNI
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trinity Mirror plc
Trinity Mirror plc
Trinity Mirror is the largest national and regional multimedia content publisher in the UK, comprising national and regional newsbrands across the country.
year
2019
rev ($mm)
$905.13
EBITDA ($mm)
$208.99
EBIT ($mm)
$181.28
Net Income ($mm)
$121.50
Employees
4573
  • drill down
  • watch
Ticker: ES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso S.p.A.
Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso SpA, a multimedia company, together with its subsidiaries, engages in the publishing, radio, advertising, Internet, and television (TV) businesses in Italy.
year
2014
rev ($mm)
$765.78
EBITDA ($mm)
$93.43
EBIT ($mm)
$56.82
Net Income ($mm)
$4.32
Employees
2373
  • drill down
  • watch